Dr. Richa Agarwal

Obstetrician & Gynaecologist

MBBS (Gold Medalist) Infertility Specilaist

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PCOD/PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD). It is a hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age, usually between the ages of 18 and 44. It is the most common endocrine disorder that affects women of reproductive age and is the leading cause of infertility in women. In general, it is estimated that 5-10% of women of reproductive age in the United States have PCOS.

PCOS takes place due to an imbalance of hormones in the body, primarily the hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is characterized by a variety of symptoms including irregular or absent menstrual cycles, excessive body and facial hair growth, acne, obesity, and infertility. It is important to note that each woman with PCOS may experience different symptoms, and some may not experience any symptoms at all.

Lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly can help to reduce some of the symptoms of PCOS and help to regulate hormone levels. Medications such as birth control pills, anti-androgens, and metformin can also be in use to manage the symptoms of PCOS.

Obstetrician in Vaishali Nagar Jaipur

Dr. Richa Agarwal

Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
MBBS (Gold Medalist) Infertility Specilaist
About Doctor

Symptoms of PCOD/PCOS

The major symptoms that a female experience with PCOD/PCOS are as follows

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Irregular or Absent Menstruation
Irregular or Absent Menstruation

One of the most common signs of PCOD/PCOS is irregular or absent menstruation. This is due to the hormonal imbalance and the body's inability to produce a mature egg each month, causing the lack of a period or irregular ovulation.


This is a result of too much androgen, such as testosterone, being produced by the ovaries. This can cause male pattern hair growth on the face and body, including facial hair, chest hair, and unwanted body hair.


Another result of higher androgen levels is the development of acne, which often persists into adulthood.

Weight Gain
Weight Gain

PCOD/PCOS is correlated with weight gain, as the hormones make it difficult to lose weight or keep it off. Furthermore, an unhealthy diet can cause an exacerbation of PCOD/PCOS symptoms.

Hair Loss
Hair Loss

PCOD/PCOS can lead to androgen-related hair loss, which can occur in both men and women.


One of the leading causes of infertility in women is PCOD/PCOS, as the hormonal imbalance can prevent ovulation and make it difficult to conceive.

Polycystic Ovaries
Polycystic Ovaries

PCOD/PCOS can cause the ovaries to become enlarged and have numerous, small cysts on their outer edges. This is known as polycystic ovaries and is often diagnosed during an ultrasound.

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Causes of PCOD/PCOS

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disorder) or PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome-filled sacs on the outer edges of an ovary. PCOS can lead to several complications such as infertility, acne, hirsutism and obesity. The major causes of PCOD/PCOS are as follows.

Hormonal Imbalance


The main cause of PCOS is an imbalance in the hormones, specifically that of androgens, estrogen and progesterone. This hormonal imbalance in the body can throw off the production of ovaries, interfere with regular ovulation, and cause irregular menstrual cycles.

Genetic Predisposition


PCOS most often runs in the family, suggesting a genetic component to the condition. Women with a close relative diagnosed with PCOS, are at an increased risk of developing the disorder.

Insulin Resistance


Insulin resistance is an impaired ability of the body to respond to the effects of insulin. This condition can cause an increase in the production of male hormones, thus leading to PCOS.



According to some studies, inflammation may also be a contributing factor to PCOS.



Stress has been linked to the development of PCOS. Women who are under a lot of stress are more likely to develop PCOS.

Lack of Physical Activity


Not exercising frequently can also be a contributing factor to PCOS. Exercise helps to regulate hormones in the body, helps the body to be more responsive to the effects of insulin, helps to reduce stress and is essential for maintaining a healthy weight.



Women who are overweight or obese are more likely to suffer from PCOS. The increase in body weight can also lead to an excess production of androgens, which can cause the symptoms of PCOS.

Risk factors for PCOD/PCOS

There are several risk factors with PCOS/PCOD as follows

  • Family History
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Obesity
  •  Ethnicity
  • Diet and Exercise
  • Stress
  • Age

A woman’s risk of developing PCOD/PCOS increases with age, particularly during her late teenage years and early twenties. This is due to higher levels of androgen hormones that can cause the symptoms associated with PCOD/PCOS.


PCOD & PCOS Treatment

Diagnosis of PCOD/PCOS

The diagnosis of PCOD/PCOS doctors carry out through the:

  • Clinical Diagnosis
  • Hormonal Profile
  • Ovarian Ultrasound
  • Endocrine Tests
  • Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is a procedure in use to examine the internal organs of the body, including the ovaries. If laparoscopy is in consideration for diagnostic purposes in a patient with suspected PCOD/PCOS, the doctor may take samples of tissue from the ovaries, uterus, and other areas. The results of the test can provide further confirmation of a diagnosis of the condition.


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Dr. Richa Agarwal - Gynaecologist in Jaipur
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Reach Dr. Richa Agarwal, the best Gynecologist in Jaipur for PCOD And PCOS Treatment in Jaipur!

Dr. Richa Agarwal is the top gynecologist in Jaipur who specializes in PCOD and PCOS Treatment in Jaipur. She has years of experience in the field of gynecology and has successfully treated thousands of women suffering from PCOS/PCOD. Dr. Agarwal is highly skilled and is well known for her excellent diagnostic and therapeutic skills. She makes sure that her patients receive the most effective and personalized treatment plans, tailored to their individual needs. She thoroughly evaluates each patient’s medical history and symptoms before prescribing medications and lifestyle modifications.

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    Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex hormonal disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms, including irregular or absent menstrual cycles, excess androgens (male hormones), and multiple cysts on the ovaries. PCOS affects women of reproductive age and is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women worldwide.

    The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is thought to be in link to a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Common contributors include insulin resistance, inflammation, and hormonal imbalances.

    Common symptoms of PCOS include irregular or absent menstrual cycles, excess body hair, acne, weight gain, and difficulty getting pregnant. Other symptoms may include depression, anxiety, and fatigue.

    PCOS is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, blood tests, and imaging tests such as ultrasound.

    PCOS management depends on the individual and the severity of their symptoms. Common treatments include lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, medications to regulate hormones, and fertility treatments to help with conception. Additionally, stress management, adequate sleep, and supplements may be beneficial in managing the condition.